Ollantaytambo is a very small but historic village in the Sacred Valley. It is most famous for its ruins. Which are of a fortress used in Inca times, this is situated on the side of a hill. The steps are huge and are made really hard to climb even when just walking. For people running up to attack the Incas, you can only imagine how much it would slow them down. This was very intelligent thinking by the the Incas.
They original construction was designed so that the most important areas of the ruins, such as the sun temple were on high vantage points. This can still be seen in the ruins to this day. This meant these areas were much harder for enemies to destroy and and were also useful as a look out for approaching enemies or groups of people.
The sun temple is part of the ruins in Ollantaytambo. It is situated at the summit and was built for Inca ceremonials. It is an amazing piece of Inca history to take in, especially when you think about why and how it was built. There are three sectors, the middle sector, temple sector and funerary sector. All these sectors would have had different purposes in the mid-15th century. Kinda like us having a kitchen, living room and dining room.. well maybe not but you get the idea.
The fountains are at the base of the ruins, you will see them as you walk down the huge steps. They were primarily built as an irrigation system for the ruins, this meant that it didn't have to be built at the summit, as it needed less protection. However the fountains were built in such a way that they had religious meanings and were great to look at, like all monuments that the Incas built over time. The Incas weren't just intelligent but it seems like they had a a creative flair too!
Ollantaytambo is included in the Bolleta Turistico. I definitely recommend going as it's interesting to learn about how the Incas defended themselves and the tactics they would use. Not only that, it is just such a beautiful area. If you've been to an Inca archaeological site before you will understand me.
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